Every person’s skin is unique and normal to them. Knowledge is power when it comes to skincare (and most other aspects of life). Technically, genes, the environment, stress, and even beauty products can have an impact on your skin’s health. That’s why it’s crucial to match your skin’s requirements with the appropriate care. Knowing your skin type will help you discover which products are suitable for you and empower you with the knowledge you will need to prevent acne, wrinkles, and have a great complexion daily. However, skin types are divided into five categories, and understanding the differences can make a big variation in your skincare routine.
Types of Skin Type
There are five types of skin: normal, oily, dry, sensitive, and combination.
1. Normal Skin
Normal skin is flawless, implying that your blood circulation is in check. Because your pores are so small and nearly invisible, normal skin is the product of excellent circulation. In comparison to other skin types, it also appears smoother, cleaner, and healthier. Water and lipids are in the right proportions. It’s soft and silky to the touch. Count yourself blessed if you have it. Normal skin, while less prone to issues, should therefore be handled with care.
2. Oily Skin
It implies that your skin produces too much oil, making it glossy and oily. On your nose, skin, and forehead, you can see pores. Your skin starts to develop blackheads and acne. It is more common among teenagers and is caused by hyperactive skin glands secreting excessive lipids. It is caused by or exacerbated by puberty (hormonal imbalance), humidity, excessive heat, and stress.
3. Dry Skin
Because of the tightness of your skin, dry skin has a harsh texture and can irritate. Itching might occur as a result of dry skin. Dry skin is caused by a loss of water and has a difficult time retaining oil. Dry skin can peel, or break if not properly cared for, making wrinkles more visible. Pores are extremely small and almost undetectable. Your skin may be congested. Due to a lack of water, your skin can appear drab and tough. Dry skin can be inherited or developed as a result of ageing. Climate changes, incompatible beauty products, and prolonged, hot showers can all cause your skin to dry up.
4. Sensitive Skin
You may well have sensitive skin if your skin reacts to new products. When you use a new product, you will experience itching and be more prone to acne and skin burn. Redness, itching, burning, and dryness are some of the symptoms. Your skin could be prone to rashes. Acne, medicines, skincare products, and detergent chemicals, as well as allergies, are all common causes.
5. Combination Skin
The most popular skin type. It has characteristics of all three aforementioned skin types. It could be caused by hereditary factors or hormone levels that impact the amount and circulation of lipids in your skin, causing your skin to become unevenly distributed. Your skin is usually greasy in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), and normal to dry on the cheeks, eyes, mouth and everywhere else. Pores on combination skin may be larger, making them more prone to clogging and resulting in acne, together with blackheads.
How to Identify your skin type Using a Tissue
- Wash your face thoroughly or use a soap-free cleanser. All traces of dirt, oil, and makeup should be removed.
- Use a towel to lightly dry it. No moisturiser or any other products should be applied to your face.
- Wait for an hour.
- Using a tissue, lightly dab your entire face.
After one hour, observes the following changes:
For Normal Skin:
A huge congratulations—you have normal skin if the tissue indicates no evidence of oil and your skin appears to be in good health.
For Oily Skin:
You have oily skin if your tissue is oily and your face appears shiny, particularly around the nose, forehead, and cheeks.
For Dry Skin:
If there is no oil on the tissue but your face looks tight and dry, you have dry skin.
For Combination Skin:
If your T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin) is oily, but the rest of your face is dry, you have a combination Skin.
For Sensitive Skin:
If your skin is irritated or somewhat itchy, you most definitely have a sensitive skin.
Always keep in mind that your skin changes from season to season. Because your skin type changes over time, you may need to repeat these tests several times a year to determine your skin type.
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